The 32D ‘Red Arrow’ Veteran Association

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Organization of the

32D ‘Red Arrow’ Division

when it was created in 1917

during World War I

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The 32D ‘Red Arrow’ Division was created in the fall of 1917 by combining the Michigan and Wisconsin National Guard. Wisconsin provided about 15,000 Soldiers and Michigan provided 8,000. Later 4,000 National Army troops (selectees or draftees) from Camp Custer, Michigan, and Camp Grant, Illinois, were assigned to the Division before it left for France. Those draftees were primarily from the upper Midwest. Later, in France, the 32D Division received replacements from nearly every state in the union.

Before being activated for World War I, the Michigan and Wisconsin National Guard were organized in accordance with pre-war US Regular Army units. At that time, the General Staff of the War Department envisioned “triangular” infantry brigades of three infantry regiments each, with three such brigades in a division (plus artillery, engineer, signal, supply and medical units). Each rifle company would have 3 officers and 150 men.

In the spring of 1917, however, General John ‘Blackjack’ Pershing (the commander of the A.E.F.) and his staff made a trip to France to observe the tactics and formations in use by the Allies. Based on his observations, Gen. Pershing decided that reorganizing US units into massive “square” divisions, also known as “Pershing Divisions”, might be able to provide enough muscle to break the stalemate of trench warfare. Each “square” division was built around four powerful infantry regiments of 3,720 enlisted men each. There would be two such regiments, plus a machine gun battalion, in an infantry brigade (2 infantry brigades per division). Each infantry brigade would be supported by a regiment of light (75mm) artillery; a 3rd regiment of heavy artillery (155mm howitzers) and a trench mortar battery would complete the division's brigade of artillery. All of this, plus an additional machine gun battalion, a combat engineer regiment, a signal battalion and a division train (consisting of military police, ammunition train, supply train, engineer train, sanitary train) gave each division an authorized strength of 991 officers and 27,114 men (each rifle company consisted of 7 officers and 250 men, as opposed to the pre-war rifle companies of 3 officers and 150 men).

The table below lists the new units that were needed to complete the organization of the 32D Division. It also attempts to list which old Michigan or Wisconsin National Guard units were reorganized to create the new units and which armory those old units came from. It also attempts to list the first commander of those new units. Additional information, to hopefully someday complete this table, will be added as it is found.

New Unit

Old Unit(s)

Armory(s)

Commander

32D Division

 

 

Maj. Gen. James 'Galloping Jim' Parker

Headquarters Troop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

63D Infantry Brigade

 

 

Brig. Gen. Louis C. Covell (formerly cdr. of 1ST Mich. Bde.)

125TH Infantry Regiment

included all of the 33D Mich. Inf. (minus 1 company) and 5 companies of the 31ST Mich. Inf.

Col. John B. Boucher

Headquarters Company

 

 

 

Band

 

 

 

Supply Company

Sup. Co., 33D Mich. Inf.

Grayling, MI

Capt. Walter R. Stevens (formerly cdr. of Sup. Co., 33D Mich. Inf.) 

Machine Gun Company

 

Genesee Co./Flint, MI

 

Headquarters, 1ST Battalion

 

 

 

Company A

 

 

 

Company B

 

 

 

Company C

 

 

 

Company D

Cos. D & K, 31ST Mich. Inf.

 

Capt. Milburn H. Hawkes

Headquarters, 2D Battalion

 

 

 

Company E

 

Genesee Co./Flint, MI

 

Company F

 

Alpena, MI

 

Company G

Co. G, 33D Mich. Inf.

Houghton, MI

Capt. Thomas S. Smith (formerly cdr. Of Co. G, 33D Mich. Inf.)

Company H

 

 

 

Headquarters, 3D Battalion

 

 

 

Company I

 

Sault Ste. Marie & Bay City, MI

 

Company K

part of Co. L, 33D Mich. Inf. & some or all of Co. K, 33D Mich. Inf.

Menominee & Cheboygan, MI

 

Company L

part of Co. L, 33D Mich. Inf. & some or all of Co. I, 33D Mich. Inf.

Menominee & East Jordan, MI

Capt. Oscar Falk (formerly cdr. of Co. L, 33D Mich. Inf.)

Company M

Co. G, 33D Mich. Inf.

 

 

126TH Infantry Regiment

included entire 32D Mich. Inf. and 5 companies of the 31ST Mich. Inf.

 

Col. Joseph P. Westnedge (formerly cdr. of 32D Mich. Inf.)

Headquarters Company

Co. L, 32D Mich. Inf.

Grand Rapids, MI

Capt. Jess W. Clark (formerly cdr. of Co. L, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Sanitary Detachment

 

 

Maj. Ernest C. (G.) Lee (formerly San. Det., 32D Mich. Inf.)

Band

 

Grand Rapids, MI

John W. Bickert, (formerly Band, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Supply Company

Sup. Co., 32D Mich. Inf.

Grand Rapids, MI

Capt. Walter N. Burgess (formerly cdr. of Sup. Co., 32D Mich. Inf.)

Machine Gun Company

MG Co., 32D Mich. Inf.

Grand Rapids, MI

Capt. William Haze (formerly cdr. of MG Co., 32D Mich. Inf.)

Headquarters, 1ST Battalion

 

 

Maj. Jay C. McCullough (formerly cdr. of 1ST Bn., 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company A

Co. A, 32D Mich. Inf.

Coldwater, MI

Capt. Roscoe L. Graves (formerly cdr. of Co. A, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company B

Co. B, 32D Mich. Inf.

Adrian, MI

Capt. John Benner (formerly cdr. of Co. B, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company C

Co. C & part of Co. D, 32D Mich. Inf.

Kalamazoo, MI

Capt. Robert L. Wright (formerly cdr. of Co. C, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company D

Co. E, 32D Mich. Inf.

Ionia, MI

Capt. George R. Hogarth (formerly cdr. of Co. E, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Headquarters, 2D Battalion

 

 

Maj. Albert C. Wilson

Company E

Co. I & part of Co. M, 31ST Mich. Inf.

Ann Arbor, MI

Capt. Arthur G. Volland (formerly cdr. of Co. I, 31ST Mich. Inf.)

Company F

Co. L & part of Co. M, 31ST Mich. Inf.

Jackson, MI

Capt. Richard F. Smith

Company G

Co. G, 31ST Mich. Inf.

Detroit, MI

Capt. James O. Catheart

Company H

Co. H, 31ST Mich. Inf.

Detroit, MI

Capt. Fred W. Beaudry

Headquarters, 3D Battalion

Maj. Earl R. Stewart (formerly cdr. of 3D Bn., 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company I

Co. H & part of Co. G, 32D Mich. Inf.

Big Rapids & Muskegon, MI

Capt. Charles L. McCormick (formerly cdr. of Co. H, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company K

Co. K & part of Co. I, 32D Mich. Inf.

Grand Rapids, MI

Capt. James Sinke (formerly cdr. of Co. K, 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company L

Co. F & part of Co. G, 32D Mich. Inf.

Grand Haven & Muskegon, MI

Capt. George L. Olson (formerly cdr. of Co. F (L), 32D Mich. Inf.)

Company M

Co. M & part of Co. I, 32D Mich. Inf.

Grand Rapids, MI

Capt. Emil B. Gansser (formerly cdr. of Co. M, 32D Mich. Inf.)

120TH Machine Gun Battalion

surplus companies of the Mich. Inf. Bde.

 

Maj. David E. Cleary (formerly cdr. of 3D Bn., 31ST Mich. Inf.)

Headquarters Company

 

 

 

Company A

 

 

 

Company B

 

 

 

Company C

Co. F, 31ST Mich. Inf.

 

 

Company D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64TH Infantry Brigade

formed from the 1ST, 2D and 3D Wis. Inf. Regts. (1ST Wis. Bde.) plus some soldiers from the 57TH Depot Brigade.

Brig. Gen. Charles R. Boardman (formerly cdr. of 1ST Wis. Bde.)

127TH Infantry Regiment

 

 

Col. Wilbur Moses Lee (formerly cdr. of 2D Wis. Inf.)

Headquarters Company

HQ Co., 1ST Wis. Inf. & HQ Co., 2D Wis. Inf.

Madison & Appleton, WI

Capt. Myron C. West (formerly cdr. of HQ Co., 1ST Wis. Inf.)

Band

Band, 2D Wis. Inf.

Marshfield, WI

 

Supply Co.

Sup. Co., 1ST Wis. Inf.; Sup. Co., 2D Wis. Inf.; Sup. Co. or MG Co., 5TH Wis. Inf.

Madison, Oshkosh & Port Washington, WI

Capt. Frank H. Crane (formerly cdr. of Sup. Co., 2D Wis. Inf.)

Machine Gun Company

MG Co., 2D Wis. Inf.

Ashland, WI

Capt. Matthew C. Tompkins (formerly cdr. of MG Co., 2D Wis. Inf.)

Headquarters, 1ST Battalion

 

 

 

Company A

Co. A, 2D Wis. Inf.

Marshfield, WI.

Capt. Frank Bernard Reigel (formerly cdr. of Co. A, 2D Wis. Inf.)

Company B

Co. B, 1ST Wis. Inf. & Co. B, 2D Wis. Inf.

Fort Atkinson & Oshkosh, WI.

Capt. George Francis O’Connell (formerly cdr. of Sup. Co., 1ST Wis. Inf.)

Company C

Co. C, 2D Wis. Inf.

Sheboygan, WI

Capt. Paul W. Schmidt (formerly cdr. of Co. C, 2D Wis. Inf.)

Company D

Co. D, 1ST Wis. Inf. & ½ of Co. K, 2D Wis. Inf.

Milwaukee & Beaver Dam, WI

Capt. Frank (Paul) Meske (formerly cdr. of Co. D, 1ST Wis. Inf.)

Headquarters, 2D Battalion

 

 

 

Company E

Co. E, 3D Wis. Inf.

Eau Claire, WI

Capt. Richard F. Sortomme (formerly cdr. of Co. E, 3D Wis. Inf.)

Company F

Co. F, 1ST Wis. Inf. & Co. F, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Milwaukee & Shawano, WI

Capt. Henry W. Biemdiecke (formerly cdr. of Co. F, 1ST Wis. Inf.)

Company G

Co. G, 1ST Wis. Inf. & part of Co. L, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Madison & Beloit, WI

Capt. William Smith (formerly cdr. of Co. G, 1ST Wis. Inf.)

Company H

Co. H, 2D Wis. Inf. & Co. H, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Manitowoc & Monroe, WI.

Capt. Allen Ernest Mitchell (formerly cdr. of Co. H, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Headquarters, 3D Battalion

 

 

 

Company I

Co. I, 2D Wis. Inf. & Co. I, 3D Wis. Inf.

Marinette & Superior, WI.

Capt. Edward J. Schmidt (formerly cdr. of Co. H, 2D Wis. Inf.)

Company K

Co. K, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Milwaukee, WI

Capt. Leo S. Kosak (formerly cdr. of Co. K, 1ST Wis. Inf.)

Company L

Co. L, 2D Wis. Inf. & part of Co. L, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Rhinelander & Beloit, WI

Capt. Forest H. Himes (formerly cdr. of Co. L, 2D Wis. Inf.)

Company M

Co. M, 2D Wis. Inf. & ½ of Co. K, 2D Wis. Inf.

Oconto & Beaver Dam, WI.

1st Lt. Harvey C. Vermilyea

128TH Infantry Regiment

 

 

Col. John Turner (formerly cdr. of 3D Wis. Inf.)

Headquarters Company

 

 

 

Band

Band, 3D Wis. Inf.

Wausau, Marinette & La Crosse

 

Supply Company

 

 

 

Machine Gun Company

MG Co., 1ST Wis. Inf. & part of Co. K, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Oconomowoc & Stoughton, WI

 

Headquarters, 1ST Battalion

 

 

 

Company A

Co. A, 1ST Wis. Inf. & Co. A, 3D Wis. Inf.

Reedsburg & Neillsville, WI

 

Company B

Co. D, 2D Wis. Inf. & Co. B, 3D Wis. Inf.

Ripon & La Crosse, WI

 

Company C

Co. C, 3D Wis. Inf.

Hudson, WI

 

Company D

Co. D, 3D Wis. Inf.

Mauston, WI

 

Headquarters, 2D Battalion

 

 

 

Company E

 

 

 

Company F

Co. F, 3D Wis. Inf.

Portage, WI

 

Company G

 

 

 

Company H

Co. H, 3D Wis. Inf.

Menomonie, WI

 

Headquarters, 3D Battalion

 

 

 

Company I

Co. I, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Neenah, WI

 

Company K

Co. C, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Whitewater, WI

 

Company L

 

 

 

Company M

Co. M, 1ST Wis. Inf.

Janesville, WI

 

121ST Machine Gun Battalion

 

 

Maj. Frank H. Fowler (formerly cdr. of 1ST Bn., 3D Wis. Inf.)

Headquarters Company

 

 

 

Company A

MG Co., 3D Wis. Inf., (Co. # 1, 121ST MG Bn.)

Rice Lake, WI

 

Company B

Co. K, 3D Wis. Inf. (Co. # 2, 121ST MG Bn.)

Tomah, WI

 

Company C

 

 

 

Company D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

119TH Machine Gun Battalion

 

 

Maj. Percy C. Atkinson (formerly cdr. of a bn. of the 6TH Wis. Inf.)

Headquarters Company

 

 

 

Company A

MG Co. & Co. B, 4TH Wis. Inf. (part or all of both cos.

Tomahawk & Stanley, WI

Capt. John B. Fosnot (formerly cdr. of MG Co., 4TH Wis. Inf.)

Company B

Co. A, 6TH Wis. Inf.

Phillips, WI

Capt. Edward O. Witt (formerly cdr. of Co. A, 6TH Wis. Inf.)

Company C (re-designated Co. D, 120TH MG Bn. in France)

MG Co. & Co. E, 5TH Wis. Inf.

Bay View & Watertown, WI

Capt. Alfred E. Gaartz (formerly cdr. of MG Co., 5TH Wis. Inf.)

Company D

mostly from 5TH Wis. Inf.

 

Capt. Thomas A. Watson (formerly cdr. of Co. M, 5TH Wis. Inf.)

 

 

 

 

107TH Engineer Regiment

from the 1ST Wis. and 1ST Mich. Eng. Bns. plus some soldiers from the 57TH Depot Brigade

Col. P. S. Bond (USA)

Headquarters Company

 

 

 

Headquarters, 1ST Battalion

 

 

 

Company A

1ST Mich. Eng. Bn. (probably Co. A)

 

 

Company B

1ST Mich. Eng. Bn. (probably Co. B)

 

 

Company C

1ST Mich. Eng. Bn. (probably Co. C)

 

 

Headquarters, 2D Battalion

 

 

 

Company D

1ST Wis. Eng. Bn. (probably Co. A)

 

 

Company E

1ST Wis. Eng. Bn. (probably Co. B)

 

 

Company F

1ST Wis. Eng. Bn. (probably Co. C)

 

 

 

 

 

 

107TH Field Signal Battalion

formed from the 1ST Wis. and 1ST Mich. Field Signal Battalions

 

Maj. William Mitchell Lewis (formerly cdr. of 1ST Wis. Sig. Bn.)

 

 

 

 

57TH Field Artillery Brigade

 

 

Brig. Gen. William G. 'Bunker' Haan (USA)

119TH Field Artillery Regiment

from 1ST Mich. FA, 1ST Mich. Cav.,  HQ and Service Cos. of 31ST Inf. Regt.

Maj. Chester B. McCormick

Headquarters Battery

 

 

 

Supply Battery

 

 

 

Battery A

Btry. A, 1ST Mich. FA

Lansing, MI

 

Battery B

 

 

 

Battery C

 

 

 

Battery D

 

 

 

Battery E

 

 

 

Battery F

 

 

 

120TH Field Artillery Regiment

 

 

Col. Carl Penner (formerly cdr. of 1ST Wis. Cav.)

Headquarters Battery

HQ Trp. & Trp. M, 1ST Wis. Cav.

Milwaukee & Sheboygan, WI

Capt. Herbert V. Kohler (formerly cdr. of Trp. M, 1ST Wis. Cav.)

Supply Battery

Sup. Trp., 1ST Wis. Cav.

Milwaukee, WI

Capt. Alfred W. Einfeldt (formerly cdr. of Sup. Trp., 1ST Wis. Cav.)

1ST Battalion

 

 

Maj. Herbert B. Einfeldt (formerly 1ST Wis. Cav.)

   Battery A

Trp. A & MG Trp., 1ST Wis. Cav.

Milwaukee, WI

Capt. James G. Swift (formerly cdr. of Trp. A, 1ST Wis. Cav.)

   Battery B

Trp. B & K, 1ST Wis. Cav.

Milwaukee & Ladysmith, WI

Capt. Ernest V. Cook (formerly cdr. of MG Trp., 1ST Wis. Cav.)

   Battery C

Trp. C & L, 1ST Wis. Cav.

Milwaukee & Eau Claire, WI

Capt. James J. Quill (formerly cdr. of Trp. C, 1ST Wis. Cav.)

2D Battalion

 

 

Maj. August M. Krech (formerly 1ST Wis. Cav.)

   Battery D

Trp. D & G, 1ST Wis. Cav.

Milwaukee & Wisconsin Rapids, WI

Capt. Edgar J. Tapping, Jr. (formerly cdr. of Trp. D, 1ST Wis. Cav.)

   Battery E

Trp. E & I, 1ST Wis. Cav.

Kenosha & Stevens Point, WI

Capt. John S. Coney (formerly cdr. of Trp. E, 1ST Wis. Cav.)

   Battery F

Trp. F & H, 1ST Wis. Cav.

Lake Geneva & Merrill, WI

Capt. Albert H. Smith (formerly cdr. of Trp. H, 1ST Wis. Cav.)

121ST Field Artillery Regiment

from the 1ST Wis. FA

 

Col. Philip C. Westfahl (formerly cdr. of 1ST Wis. FA)

Headquarters Battery

HQ Co., 1ST Wis. FA

Milwaukee, WI

Capt. John Geo. Reed (formerly cdr. of HQ Co., 1ST Wis. FA)

Supply Battery

Sup. Co., 1ST Wis. FA

Milwaukee, WI

Capt. Arthur W. Walters (formerly cdr. of Sup. Co., 1ST Wis. FA)

Battery A

Btry. A, 1ST Wis. FA

Whitefish Bay, WI

Capt. Wm. F. Fraedrich (formerly cdr. of Btry. A, 1ST Wis. FA)

Battery B

Btry. B, 1ST Wis. FA

Green Bay, WI

Capt. Harvey F. Smith (formerly cdr. of Btry. B, 1ST Wis. FA)

Battery C

Btry. C, 1ST Wis. FA

Racine, WI

Capt. Richard G. Bryant (formerly cdr. of Btry. C, 1ST Wis. FA)

Battery D

Btry. D, 1ST Wis. FA

Whitefish Bay, WI

Capt. Ralph R. Hibbard (formerly cdr. of Btry. D, 1ST Wis. FA)

Battery E

Btry. E, 1ST Wis. FA

Green Bay, WI

Capt. John M. West (formerly cdr. of Btry. E, 1ST Wis. FA)

Battery F

Btry. F, 1ST Wis. FA

Racine, WI

Capt. James Wilder Gilson (formerly cdr. of Btry. F, 1ST Wis. FA)

107TH Trench Mortar Battery

Co. G, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Antigo, WI

Capt. Otto A. Miller (formerly cdr. of Co. G, 4TH Wis. Inf.)

107TH Mobile Ordinance Repair Shop

 

 

 

147TH Field Artillery Regiment

organic to the 41ST Division - attached to the 57TH FA Bde. from 24 June 1918 to 8 April 1919

158TH Field Artillery Brigade

organic to the 83D Division - attached to the 32D Division from 26 September 1918 to April 1919

322D Field Artillery Regiment

 

323D Field Artillery Regiment

 

324TH Field Artillery Regiment

 

308TH Trench Mortar Battery

 

308TH Ammunition Train

 

 

 

 

 

107TH Train Headquarters & MPs

 

 

Col. Robert B. McCoy (formerly cdr. of 4TH Wis. Inf.)

107TH Military Police

Co. D, 6TH Wis. Inf. & part of Co. K, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Washburn & Stoughton, WI

 

 

 

 

 

107TH Supply Train

 

 

 

Company E

possibly Co. I, 6TH Wis. Inf.

Baraboo, WI

 

 

 

 

 

107TH Sanitary Train

formed from Wis. Ambulance Companies Nos. 1 and 2, Mich. Ambulance Company No. 2, Wis. Field Hospitals Nos. 1 and 2 and Mich. Field Hospital No. 1.

125TH Ambulance Company

Wis. Ambulance Co. No. 1?

Milwaukee, WI

 

126TH Ambulance Company

 

 

 

127TH Ambulance Company

Wis. Ambulance Co. No. 2

Racine, WI

 

128TH Ambulance Company

Mich. Ambulance Co. No. 2

Bay City, MI

 

125TH Field Hospital

 

 

 

126TH Field Hospital

 

 

 

127TH Field Hospital

 

 

 

128TH Field Hospital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

107TH Ammunition Train

 

 

Lt. Col. James McCully (formerly of 5TH Wis. Inf.)

Headquarters Detachment

Co. B, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Stanley, WI

 

Motor Battalion

 

 

Maj. Martin D. Imhoff (formerly cdr. of 2D Bn., 5TH Wis. Inf.)

Company A (originally named First Truck Co.)

Co. E, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Menasha, WI

Capt. Richard T. Hill (formerly cdr. of Co. E, 4TH Wis. Inf.)

Company B (originally named Second Truck Co.)

Co. D, 5TH Wis. Inf.

Hartford, WI

Capt. Harold G. Rogers (formerly cdr. of Co. D, 5TH Wis. Inf.)

Company C (originally named Third Truck Co.)

Co. D, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Black River Falls, WI

Capt. George B. Jensen (formerly cdr. of Co. D, 4TH Wis. Inf.)

Company D (originally named Fourth Truck Co.)

Co. H, 6TH Wis. Inf.

Hayward, WI

Capt. William W. Wismer (formerly cdr. of Co. H, 6TH Wis. Inf.)

Horsed Battalion

 

 

Maj. Anton C. Martin (formerly cdr. of 2D Bn., 4TH Wis. Inf.)

Company E (originally named First Caisson Co.)

Co. I, 4TH Wis. Inf.

Platteville, WI

Capt. Harvey D. Weidman (formerly cdr. of Co. I, 4TH Wis. Inf.)

Company F (originally named Second Caisson Co.)

Co. C, 5TH Wis. Inf. & part of Co. I, 5TH Wis. Inf.

Milwaukee, WI

Capt. Joseph B. Zawodny (formerly cdr. of Co. C, 5TH Wis. Inf.)

Company G (originally named Wagon Co.)

Co. B, 5TH Wis. Inf. & part of Co. A, 5TH Wis. Inf.

Milwaukee, WI

Capt. John A. Bonin (formerly cdr. of Co. B, 5TH Wis. Inf.)

 

 

 

 

107TH Engineer Train

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

107TH Motor Supply Truck Unit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The 125TH and 126TH Infantry Regiments and the 120TH Machine Gun Battalion of the 63D Infantry Brigade were formed from the 31ST, 32D and 33D Michigan Infantry Regiments (Michigan Infantry Brigade). The 125TH Infantry, the ‘Lumberjack’ Regiment, included all of the 33D Michigan Infantry (with the exception of one company) and five companies of the 31ST Michigan Infantry. The 126TH included the entire 32D Michigan Infantry plus 5 companies of the 31ST Michigan Infantry. The 120TH MG BN was formed from surplus companies of the Michigan Infantry Brigade.

The 127TH and 128TH Infantry Regiments and 121ST Machine Gun Battalion of the 64TH Infantry Brigade were formed from the 1ST, 2D and 3D Wisconsin Infantry Regiments (1ST Wisconsin Brigade) plus some soldiers from the 57TH Depot Brigade.

The 4TH, 5TH and 6TH Wisconsin Infantry Regiments (2D Wisconsin Brigade) functioned as the 57TH Depot Brigade. From this brigade the various new units of the new Division were organized in accordance with the “Tables of Organization, 1917”. The 57TH Depot Brigade only existed for several weeks, it ceased to exist as soon as the organization of the Division was completed.

The 57TH Field Artillery Brigade was formed from the 1ST Wisconsin and 1ST Michigan Field Artillery Regiments and 1ST Wisconsin and 1ST Michigan Cavalry Regiments plus some soldiers from the 57TH Depot Brigade.
    119TH FA, composed largely of Michigan artillery and cavalry troops
    120TH FA, made up almost entirely from troops of the 1ST Wisconsin Cavalry
    121ST FA, the heavy artillery regiment of the 57TH FA Brigade, formed from the 1ST Wisconsin Field Artillery

The 107TH Engineer Regiment was formed from the 1ST Wisconsin and 1ST Michigan Engineer Battalions plus some soldiers from the 57TH Depot Brigade.

Whole companies were transferred from the 57TH Depot Brigade to make up the 107TH Trains, 32D Military Police Company and 119TH Machine Gun Battalion.

The 107TH Sanitary Train was formed from Wisconsin Ambulance Companies Nos. 1 and 2, Michigan Ambulance Company No. 2, Wisconsin Field Hospitals Nos. 1 and 2 and Michigan Field Hospital No. 1.

The 107TH Field Signal Battalion was formed from the 1ST Wisconsin and 1ST Michigan Field Signal Battalions.

In reorganization of the Division it was the policy to preserve original company organizations, but some consolidation was necessary to bring the companies up from the formerly prescribed strength of 150 men to the new “Tables of Organization, 1917” strength of 250 men.

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Bibliography:

Acker, John C., Sergeant Major.  Thru the War with Our Outfit: Being A Historical Narrative of the 107TH Ammunition Train.  Sturgeon Bay, WI, 1920.

Hanton, Carl, Captain.  The 32nd Division in the World War.  Madison, WI: Wisconsin War History Commission, 1920.
Hill, Jim Dan, Major General, Retired. The Minute Man in Peace and War. Harrisburg: The Stackpole Company, 1964.

Numerous newspaper articles.

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revised 26 February 2015
since 23 October 2000